Time Triggers


Words like “but” and “although” are very obvious triggers of contrast in a sentence, but there are many other less explicit triggers that can be more difficult to spot. How is time used to indicate contrast in the following Sentence Completion question?

Question of the Day

It was once a widely held belief that herbs and spices help preserve food; it is now known that many herbs and spices are_______ fungi and bacteria.

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In this sentence, the author uses the word “now” to illustrate a contrast. The expression of a contrast through time indicates that herbs and spices, although once considered to help preserve food, are now believed to have the opposite effect; thus, they are “teeming with” bacteria.